The Bologna Process is an intergovernmental higher education reform process that includes 48 European countries and a number of European organisations, including EUA.
Its main purpose is to enhance the quality and recognition of European higher education systems and to improve the conditions for exchange and collaboration within Europe, as well as internationally.
Launched in 1998-1999, the Process established goals for reform in the participating countries, such as the three-cycle degree structure (bachelor, master’s, doctorate), and adopted shared instruments, such as the European Credits Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) and the European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG).
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) was announced in 2010 and all participating parties agreed to continue the Process, as many of the established goals were and are not fully implemented in all countries.
EUA has been closely involved in the Bologna Process since it was conceived representing the views of universities. Officially, the Association is a Consultative Member and participates in all Bologna activities, including the Bologna Follow-Up Group (BFUG). It also engages in dialogue and cooperation activities with members and partners on Bologna topics, also beyond Europe, to explain and promote the Process.
Many of the Association’s activities are dedicated to the development of European policies and practice in the context of Bologna. EUA works on a wider range of issues that are of central importance for the EHEA and its universities, such as quality assurance, mobility, governance, funding, lifelong learning, student tracking and employability, recognition and the impact of international trade agreements on higher education.
EUA believes in the added value of European higher education collaboration and exchange as a way provide better education to an increasing and more diverse studentship. In close collaboration with its members, it contributes to policy development and to building the frameworks and conditions European universities need to thrive. EUA also facilitates the spread of institutional good practices.
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA invites members and partners to join forces to ensure its success. EUA published a statement focusing on how to further the Process’s achievements and enhance its ability to respond to a changing higher education landscape.
EUA supports the Bologna key commitments to ensure that all countries fully implement the three-cycle system, quality assurance, and smooth recognition of qualifications and study periods.
The Association pushes for the Bologna Process to better address social inclusion and equity, as well as university values. EUA also welcomes its stronger emphasis on the transformation of learning and teaching, and will work to ensure that this will result in measures of tangible support for higher education institutions. Furthermore, the Association invites a systematic consideration of the UN Sustainable Development Goals within the Process. Finally, EUA underlines the urgent need to explore new ways of working and invites the Process members and partners to ensure that there is sufficient capacity to reach its long-term goals.
The 2018-2020 Bologna Secretariat and the Ministerial Conference is hosted by Italy. The work programme is focused on the continuation of the Process beyond 2020, as well as goals and working methods.
EUA has consistently worked on quality assurance long before it became a Bologna commitment and was a main facilitator in making it a strong focus area for the Process. Notably, the Bologna Ministers invited EUA with other stakeholder organisations to prepare the ESG and to contribute to the establishment and continuation of the European Quality Assurance Register for Higher Education (EQAR).
Likewise, EUA has been heavily involved in the Bologna commitment to facilitating the recognition of qualifications and study periods. Academic and professional recognition are preconditions for student and worker mobility in Europe – central goals of the European Higher Education Area, and the European Union itself.
EUA represents the voice of universities in various policy fora where recognition is discussed and has partnered in projects aimed at disseminating good practices and supporting higher education institutions in developing recognition procedures in line with the Lisbon Recognition Convention.
For two decades, EUA has closely followed the latest trends in the European higher education landscape. Though a series of questionnaires to its many university members, as well as focus groups, site visits, and interviews, EUA gathers the latest data from the ground. After a detailed analysis, the Association presents reliable and up-to-date information on the development of the European Higher Education and Research Areas.
By disseminating the Trends Reports, EUA aims to provide an institutional perspective in European higher education policy discussions. Over time, the reports have become crucial sources of information and a main reference for policy makers and the higher education community alike.
At its meeting on 12 June 2018, the Board of the European University Association (EUA) welcomed the new political momentum of the Bologna Process resulting from the Ministerial Conference in Paris (23-25 May) and the adoption of the Paris Communiqué.
The Bologna Seminar on ''Doctoral Programmes for the European Knowledge Society'' provided the first major forum to discuss the new Action Line in the Bologna Process entitled “European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the European Research Area (ERA) – Two Pillars of the Knowledge-based Society”. The event was held on the initiative of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the European University Association. The main aim and objective of the Seminar was to identify the key challenges to be met in implementing the new Action line during the period 2005-2007.
The event "The Bologna Process goes Global: fundamental values of the EHEA beyond 2020" will be held in Bologna on 24 and 25 June 2019. The Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, jointly with the Italian Ministry for Education, Universities and Research, under...view more
The partners of the project ‘Linking academic recognition and quality assurance’ (LIREQA) have published recommendations on how fair and effective academic recognition practices can be supported through internal and external quality assurance. Separate recommendations are aimed at...view more
The annual European Quality Assurance Forum (EQAF), co-organised by ENQA, ESU, EUA and EURASHE...view more
In recent years, the enhancement of learning and teaching has become a priority, not only for...read more
EUA is pleased to present “Trends 2018: Learning and teaching in the European Higher Education Area”. This flagship report gathers data from more than 300 higher education institutions in 48 European countries. Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education...view more
Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education institutions evolves...read more
At its meeting on 12 June 2018, the Board of the European University Association (EUA) welcomed the new political momentum of the Bologna Process resulting from the Ministerial Conference in Paris (23-25 May) and the adoption of the Paris Communiqué. The Board now urges European rectors’...view more
On 25 May, European education ministers adopted the Paris Communiqué at the Bologna Process Ministerial Conference. It takes on topics already discussed in the Yerevan Communiqué such as implementation, learning and teaching, digitalisation and academic and civic...view more
On 22 May, the European Commission launched the second part of its ambitious...read more
On 22 May, the European Commission published the second education package including further proposals for the creation of a “European Education Area” by 2025. EUA welcomes the package, as it is an important step in giving life to the EU’s goals in the sector and agrees to the overall...view more
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA has published a statement focusing on how to further the Process’s achievements and enhance its ability to respond to a changing higher education landscape. The document comes as the Bologna Process prepares to hold its 2018...view more
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA has published a...read more
The inHERE (Higher Education Supporting Refugees in Europe) project consortium is pleased to...view more
With the present paper, the European University Association (EUA) responds to the European...read more
Abstract The implementation of the Bologna reform in the Croatian context has led to a number of issues with reforming and delivering doctoral education, including a lack of research qualifications other than PhDs, unusually large admission quotas, low graduation rates, long time to graduation,...read more
The European University Association (EUA) applauds the European Commission’s proposal to put education front and centre on Europe’s social agenda. With its Communication on “Strengthening European Identity through Education and Culture”, published ahead of the European Social...read more
With this statement EUA responds to the Communication of the European Commission on a Renewed EU Agenda for Higher Education published on 30 May 2017. The Renewed Agenda is a follow-up to the 2011 Modernisation Agenda, and is the first major communication by the Juncker Commission...read more
The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), European Students’ Union (ESU), European University Association (EUA), European Association of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE) and European Quality Assurance Register for Higher...read more
In 2012-2014, EUA was part of the stakeholder group that revised the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). This work resulted in the current ESG, which were adopted by the ministers in charge of higher education in May 2015. The...read more
EUA has a long record of working on quality assurance (QA) in Europe and has supported its members in developing their internal QA systems through a variety of activities. Many of these activities have been co-funded by the European Commission’s Lifelong Learning Programme...read more
Trends 2015 is the seventh in the series of Trends reports published by the European University...read more
The first results of U-Multirank (UMR), a multi-dimensional ranking of higher education institutions produced with seed funding from the European Commission, were unveiled on 13 May 2014. UMR has also been discussed by EUA’s governing bodies on a number of occasions and these...read more
This publication intends to provide observations on and recommendations for enhancing the complementarity between higher education mobility policies at the institutional, national and European level. A collaborative venture by the European University Association (EUA) and the...read more
Research-based education is happening in Europe, but there are clear challenges with how it is...read more
As discussions are underway at the European Learning & Teaching Forum, EUA’s Tia Loukkola gives an...read more
Student-centered and active learning are a necessity for European universities to remain relevant...read more
Recognition of study and qualifications are key for people to move freely to study and work in...read more
It has been 10 years since the European Universities’ Charter on Lifelong Learning was published....read more
In line with Emmanuel Macron’s speech and discussions at the recent Social Summit in Gothenburg,...read more