18 February 2005 | Position

Salzburg 2005 – Conclusions and Recommendations

Bologna Seminar on “Doctoral Programmes for the European Knowledge Society”

The Bologna Seminar on ''Doctoral Programmes for the European Knowledge Society'' provided the first major forum to discuss the new Action Line in the Bologna Process entitled “European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the European Research Area (ERA) – Two Pillars of the Knowledge-based Society”. The event was held on the initiative of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the European University Association. The main aim and objective of the Seminar was to identify the key challenges to be met in implementing the new Action line during the period 2005-2007.


The main outcome of the Seminar was to reach agreement on the establishment of a set of ten basic principles that should underpin further considerations of the key role of doctoral programmes and research training in the Bologna Process.

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